Bed Bug

 Identification and Control

Proper identification is an important first step in controlling ants.

Cimex lectularius

How to Identify an 

Bed Bug

Bed bugs are small, flattened insects that are typically 1/4th to 3/8th of an inch long. They are reddish-brown and have an oval body shape. They are most easily identified by their small size, their tendency to hide in dark places, and their small, dark fecal droppings.

Where do they come from?

Bed bugs are common in the United States and Canada. They are most commonly found in hotels, motels, and other places where rotating groups of people sleep. They can also be brought into your home on your clothing or used furniture. Bed bugs often hide in the seams of mattresses, box springs, and other furniture.

How to keep them out

The best way to get rid of bed bugs is to eliminate their hiding places by thoroughly inspecting and thoroughly cleaning bedrooms. You can also use a commercial bed bug spray or powder. Heat treatment is extremely effective, but will typically require heavy equipment that will be inaccessible to own for most homeowners. If you have a severe infestation, you will likely need to call a professional exterminator.

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What do they look like?

Adult bed bug exposed to insecticidal dust
Bed bug exuvia (shed skin)
Bed bug eggs and fecal spots
Bed bug eggs on a suitcase. Notice how small they are!
Here you can see blood globules inside a bed bug that has just finished feeding
Bed bug feeding
Bed bug fecal spotting

Where do they live?

Adult female bed bugs lay 1-5 eggs per day. Females begin producing eggs a few days after a blood meal typically when they are in their harborages. These harborages are often located close to their host (people) under box springs, in cracks and crevices of bed frames, in tufts and folds of bed skirts, and seams and undersides of couches and chairs that are frequently used.


Cimex lectularius




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